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          易學研究

          巴蜀易學淵源述略
          更新時間:2013-09-30

          文/金生楊

                              (四川師范大學 巴蜀文化研究中心,四川 成都 610068)
                                   (西華師范大學 歷史系,四川 南充 637002)
               提要:巴蜀易學源遠流長,神話傳說作《易》之祖伏羲氏即為巴人。巴蜀地區卜筮活動興盛,易學在此產生傳承具有一定基礎。秦楚與巴蜀毗鄰,文化聯系緊密。巴蜀易學從楚地傳入是可能的。明楊慎以孔子弟子商瞿為蜀人,宋人楊繪、譙定之易傳自揚雄之師嚴君平均反映出巴蜀易學起源早,影響遠,值得重視。
               關鍵詞:巴蜀;易學;淵源;商瞿;楊慎
                                     On the Origin of Bashu I Ching Learning
                                                 JIN Sheng-yang
              (Center for Studies of Bashu Culture, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu
           610068,China)
              (Department of History, China West Normal University, Nanchong 637002,China)
              Abstract Bashu I Ching Learning has an early origin, as ancient myth says, the author of I Ching Fu Xi lives in Ba. The action of divination is very active. This laid a foundation of I Ching Learning. At the edge of Bashu, there are Qin and Chu. Btween them, there have close connections in civilizations. It is possible that I Ching Learning be passed from Chu. Yang Shen thought that Shang Qu the pupil of Confucius is a man of Shu. However, Yang Hui and Jiao Ding thought their I Ching Learning come from Yan Jun-ping, which makes the importance of Bashu I Ching Learning clear.
               Key Words Bashu;I Ching Learning;Origin;Shang Qu;Yang Shen
           
              北宋理學家程頤說“易學在蜀”[1](P13461) 。在歷史發展進程中,巴蜀地區出現了許多著名的易學大家。西漢揚雄《太玄》、唐李鼎祚《周易集解》、宋蘇軾《蘇氏易傳》、張行成《通變》、張?!蹲蠋r易傳》、元黃澤《易學濫觴》、明來知德《周易集注》長期飲譽學界,成為研究易學不可或缺的著作。巴蜀興盛的易學引起學人們不斷的思考,其淵源如何就成為其中一個重要的議題。
           一、神話傳說與卜筮之風
               巴蜀易學源遠流長,其源于何時,尚不可確證。羅泌《路史》卷10稱:“太昊伏戲氏,……母華胥,居于華胥之渚?!弊ⅲ骸澳碎佒杏崴??!盵2] 據常璩《華陽國志》卷1:“閬中有渝水,小小影院视频在线观看完整版_最大胆裸体人体牲交_男女性潮高免费视频播放_少妇的丰满2观看

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